This video present the history of painful relationship between South Korea and Japan since the early 20th century:
Joseon Korea came under the Japanese sphere of influence in 1876 and a complex coalition of the Meiji government, military, and business officials began a process of Korea’s political and economic integration into Japan. The Japanese had established the Korean Peninsula as an overseas colony of Japan administered by the General Government based in Keijō (Gyeongseong) which governed Korea with near-absolute power. Japanese rule prioritized Korea’s Japanization, accelerating industrialization started by the Gwangmu Reform, building public works, and fighting the Korean independence movement. After the annexation, Japan set out to repress Korean traditions and culture, and to develop and implement policies primarily for the Japanese benefit. Its officials constructed European-styled transport and communication networks across the nation in order to extract resources and labor. This infrastructure was mostly destroyed later during the Korean War.
Japanese rule over Korea ended on 15 August 1945 upon the Surrender of Japan in World War II and the armed forces of the United States and the Soviet Union occupied the territory. The Division of Korea separated the Korean Peninsula under two governments and economic systems with the northern Soviet Civil Administration and the southern United States Army Military Government in Korea.
During World War II, Koreans at home joined or were forced to support the Japanese war effort. Hundreds of thousands of men were conscripted into Japan’s military. Around 200,000 girls and women, many from China and Korea, were forced into sexual slavery for Japanese soldiers, with the euphemism “comfort women”. In the early 21st century, former Korean “comfort women” have continued to protest to the Japanese Government and have sought compensation for their sufferings during the war.
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